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ONE-YEAR ANNIVERSARY SPECIAL REPORT

Iraq Journals

Glimpses of life in a war-torn country by GNS national security correspondent John Yaukey and photo director Jeff Franko.

Multimedia

Interactive timeline, image gallery

Recall key dates, browse defining photos from six weeks of combat in Iraq. (Requires Flash)

 

Recent headlines

General: Iraqi troops improve

January 26, 2005

Parties waging a polite battle to control Najaf

January 25, 2005

In Iraq, the question is: To vote or not to vote

January 25, 2005

Politics popular in Shiite areas

January 20, 2005

 

Also on the Web

Dispatches from Iraq

Special coverage and photo galleries of American troops serving in Iraq from The Honolulu Advertiser.

Iraq In-Depth

Take an interactive tour of Saddam's hide-out and capture at USATODAY.com's Iraq home page.

 

GNS Archive

Click here to browse more than 1,000 Iraq war news stories from the front lines and the home front.

 

 

Sunday, December 14

Saddam’s political, military history

By Gannett News Service

Saddam Hussein’s iron-fisted rule as president of Iraq spanned 24 years. He fought two wars against the West, and the second brought him down. A look at Saddam’s political and military history:

 

1956: Joins the Baath Arab Socialist Party.

 

1959: Participates in attempted assassination of Iraqi leader Abdul Karim Kassem.

 

1968: Organizes militia that helps bring Baath Party to power in bloodless coup.

 

1979: Becomes chairman and president of Iraq.

 

August 1990: Invades Kuwait, threatening Mideast peace and world oil supplies.

 

Jan. 15, 1991: Ignores United Nations deadline to withdraw from Kuwait.

 

Jan. 17, 1991: Says “mother of all battles” has begun in Iraq.

 

January 2002: President Bush declares Iraq, Iran and North Korea part of “an axis of evil” in his State of the Union address.

 

Oct. 10-11, 2002: Congress gives Bush authority to use force against Iraq and stop Saddam from developing weapons of mass destruction.

 

March 17, 2003: Bush gives Saddam and his sons 48 hours to leave Baghdad, marking the end of U.N. efforts to win international backing for an invasion of Iraq.

 

March 18, 2003: Iraqi leadership rejects Bush’s ultimatum.

 

March 19, 2003: U.S. cruise missiles hit site near Baghdad where Saddam is believed to be meeting with top aides.

 

April 9, 2003: U.S. military officials say Saddam’s regime is no longer in control of Baghdad. Iraqis topple statue of Saddam in downtown Baghdad with help of U.S. troops.

 

April 14, 2003: U.S. forces capture Saddam’s hometown of Tikrit.

 

July 22, 2003: Saddam’s sons, Odai and Qusai, are killed by U.S. forces during a raid near Mosul in northern Iraq.

 

Dec. 13, 2003: Saddam is captured by U.S.-led forces during a raid in Adwar, near Tikrit. The deposed Iraqi leader was found in a “spider hole” and gave up peacefully.